Every country has its own holidays which are different in many aspects.
But looking from a higher level, we could always find somthing in common.
There're independence days for each nation, and celebration of birthday or death of some great person who have given their life or energy for the sake of other people, etc.
These spirit of bravery, kindness, freedom and love are what we cherish in the all passages of time.
Janmashtami is a Hindu festival and a Gazetted holiday in many regions of India.
It may be known as Sreekrishna Jayanthi in some regions. According to the Hindu calendar, Janmashtami is celebrated on the Ashtami (eighth day) of Krishna Paksha (dark fortnight) in the month of Shravana or Bhadra (in the Hindu calendar, there is a leap month once every three years).
Janmashtami is also a public holiday in Bangladesh.
On 2 September 2018, Janmashtami is a public holiday in Kerala, Odisha and Tamil Nadu.
On 3 September 2018, Janmashtami is a public holiday in Assam, Bihar, Chandigarah, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Telangana, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand.
One of the most important Hindu festivals, Janmashtami(Krishna Jayanti) is the birthday of Lord Krishna, the eighth re-incarnation of Lord Vishnu who gave the vital message of the Bhagwat Gita - the guiding principles for every Hindu.
Across India there will be ceremonies and prayers at temples dedicated to Krishna. The day before may consist of fasting and prayer up to midnight, the time at which it was said that Krishna was born.
According to tradition, Krishna was born in Mathura, Uttar Pradesh. In this region, a common custom is the performance of Krishna Lila, a folk drama consisting of scenes from Krishna's life.
Many customs have developed in the different parts of India, all based on stories from Krishna's life. For instance, it is said that as a boy, Krishna loved butter and milk so much that they had to be kept out of his reach. This story is reflected in many climbing games for children.
In Tamil Nadu, oiled poles with pots of money tied to the top are set up. Boys dressed as Krishna then try to climb these poles to get the money while onlookers squirt water at them.
In Maharashtra, where the festival is known as Govinda, pots containing buttermilk are suspended high over streets. Teams of boys then form human pyramids competing against each other to see who can break the most pots.
Many colourful legends tell of Krishna's life and he is a prominent figure in Hindu writings.
As a child he is noted for his pranks such as the aforementioned butter stealing and images of him as a child often show him dancing joyously and holding a ball of butter in his hands..
As a adult, he is most commonly depicted as a dancer or a lover, often playing the flute and surrounded by adoring women. In one story, it is said that defeated the many headed serpent Kaliya by dancing it into submission.
Mother Theresa Day – Albania
When is Saint Teresa Canonisation Day ?
Saint Teresa Canonisation Day Mother Theresa Day (Albanian: Dita e Nënë Terezës) is an annual national holiday in Albania and is always held on 5 Sepetember.
The holiday marks the canonisation of Saint Teresa by Pope Francis in 2016.
Prior to 2018, a holiday had been observed on 19 October to mark Mother Teresa's beatification. Mother Teresa Beatification Day will no longer be observed and is replaced by Saint Teresa Canonization Day.
History of Saint Teresa Canonisation Day
Mother Teresa was born on 26 August 1910, in Skopje (now the capital of Macedonia) in the Ottoman Empire. Born to a family of Albanian ancestry, she was named Anjezë (Agnes) Gonxhe Bojaxhiu.
From an early Agnes had been inspired by tales of missionaries and when she was 18, she moved to Ireland to join a nunnery to learn English.
Having arrived India in 1929, she became a nun in 1931, adopting the name Teresa, after Thérèse de Lisieux, the patron saint of missionaries.
In 1950, Mother Teresa founded the Missionaries of Charity, a Roman Catholic religious congregation.
Today, expanding beyond the original location of Calcutta, the 4000 sisters of the congregation run orphanages, AIDS hospices, soup kitchens and mobile clinics in 123 countries; caring for refugees, the blind, disabled, the poor and homeless, and victims of floods, epidemics, and famine.
Members of the congregation must adhere to the vows of chastity, poverty and obedience as well as a fourth vow, to give 'wholehearted free service to the poorest of the poor'.
Mother Teresa gained worldwide recognition for her charitable works and was the recipient of numerous honours including the 1979 Nobel Peace Prize. She became famous as 'Teresa of Calcutta'.
Mother Teresa died on 5 September 1997 at the age of 87. She was granted a state funeral by the Indian government in gratitude for her services to the poor of all religions in India.
On 19 October 2003, Mother Teresa was beatified as "Blessed Teresa of Calcutta" by Pope John Paul II.
In September 2016, Mother Teresa was canonised and became a saint. Pope Francis delivered the formula for the canonisation of the Albanian-born nun - known as the 'saint of the gutters' - before huge crowds of pilgrims who had gathered in St. Peter's Square in Vatican City.
Mother Teresa once said 'By blood, I am Albanian. By citizenship, an Indian. By faith, I am a Catholic nun'. Teresa's Albanian heritage is a source of pride to Albanians and this national holiday was established in Albania to mark her beatification Ceremony.
The reverence in which Mother Theresa is held in Albania was further shown in 2010, which was declared as the 'Year of Mother Teresa' to mark 100th anniversary of the birth of Mother Teresa .
The international airport, the main hospital and the second biggest public square in Tirana, Albania's capital, are named after her.
Unification Day - Bulgaria
When is Bulgarian Unification Day?
Unification Day is a public holiday in Bulgaria and is always celebrated on 6 September.
This holiday commemorates the unification of Eastern Rumelia and Bulgaria in 1885.
History of Bulgarian Unification Day
Bulgaria became part of the Ottoman Empire in 1396. In April 1876, there was a series of uprisings against Ottoman rule in Bulgaria.
The harsh suppression of the revolts by the Ottomans led to widespread international condemnation and in April 1877, Russia formally declared war on the Ottoman Empire. The war ended in March 1878 with the signing of the San Stefano peace treaty. The other leading nations at the time felt that the peace treaty created a Bulgaria, that was too large and would have too much influence on the region. As a result, under the Treaty of Berlin in 1878, Southern Bulgaria (Eastern Rumelia) was separated from the Principality of Bulgaria and returned to the Ottoman Empire.
Bulgarians felt that the decision of the Berlin Treaty was unfair. Over the following seven years, initial peaceful demonstrations gave way to rebellion and conflict. The Bulgarian Secret Central Revolutionary Committee was formed in February 1885, which organised events and revolts in towns in Eastern Rumelia, designed to assist in the unification process. On 6 September 1885, Bulgaria and Eastern Rumelia declared their unification in the city of Plovdiv.
The unification angered several powerful nations and led to the Serbo-Bulgarian War. Bulgaria emerged as victors from that conflict and established acceptance of their borders.
How is Bulgarian Unification Day celebrated?
Many see the events of 6 September 1885 as more important to the formation of Bulgaria than the signing of the Treaty of San Stefano on 3 March 1877, which is marked by Bulgaria's National Day.
Celebrations on Unification Day are focused in Plovdiv, where unification was declared; though other cities and towns across the country will mark the anniversary of unification with parades and ceremonies. Museums will often offer free admission on Unification Day.
When is Brazilian Independence Day?
Independence Day is always celebrated on 7 September. In Portuguese it is called 'Dia da Independência' and may also be known as 'Sete de Setembro' (7 September) or 'Dia da Pátria' (Nation Day).
History of Brazilian Independence Day
On 7 September 1822, a declaration of independence from Portugal was made by Pedro di Alcântara, the son of the Portuguese King.
Brazil had been a colony of Portugal since the 16th century. In 1807 France had invaded Portugal and the Portuguese royal family had escaped to Brazil. in 1815, Brazil was given equal kingdom status with Portugal. By 1820, the French had withdrawn from Portugal and the royal family returned to Europe, leaving Alcântara as Regent of the Kingdom of Brazil.
Alcântara, better known as Pedro I, became the first emperor of Brazil and ruled from 1823 until 1831.
Brazil became a republic in 1889 but kept 7 September as its Independence Day. Independence Day has been a federal holiday in Brazil since 1949.
How is Brazilian Independence Day celebrated?
On this day there are celebrations in the capital, Brasilia, with military parades, air shows, musical concerts and fireworks in the evening.